Qurbani is one of the most sacred times of the year for Muslims as it is the annual sacrifice of livestock animals. Shares of each sacrificed animal are divided three ways, with one share for the home, one share for friends and family, and one share for someone who is in need.
All sacrifices must take place in the space of four days, beginning after the Eid prayers on Eid al-Adha and ending at sunset on the 13th day of Dhul Hijjah. It is better for the sacrifice to take place as early as possible which is why the day of Eid is the most popular day for Qurbani sacrifices to take place.
When is Qurbani Eid?
In 2021, Qurbani Eid is expected to fall on Tuesday 20 July with the 13th day of Dhul Hijjah falling on Friday 23 July, although this is dependent on the sighting of the moon.
What is Qurbani?
Qurbani is the annual sacrifice of livestock animals that takes place in Islam. This tradition originates from the sacrifice that Ibrahim (AS) was prepared to make after Allah (SWT) came to him in a dream and commanded him to sacrifice his son, Ismail (AS).
Ibrahim (AS) took his son Ismail (AS) to the top of Mount Arafat with rope so that he could not struggle (as per his son’s own wishes), a knife, and a blindfold so that Ibrahim (AS) would not have to witness his son suffer. With Ismail (AS) bound by rope and Ibrahim (AS) blindfolded, Allah’s (SWT) command was carried out. However, when Ibrahim (AS) removed his blindfold it was not the body of his son that he saw; instead seeing that of a dead ram before him. Ismail (AS) stood next to his father, completely unharmed, and a voice told Ibrahim (AS) that Allah (SWT) looks after His loyal followers.
Ismail (AS) was spared by Allah (SWT) as Ibrahim (AS) and his son demonstrated their unwavering faith in Him and rewarded them with a miracle. As such, Muslims continue to make a sacrifice every year with shares being distributed amongst the poorest and neediest in the world.
Who is Qurbani Wajib/Compulsory on?
Every able-bodied Muslim who has reached the age of puberty is expected to give Qurbani. If you qualify to give Zakat then you will qualify to give Qurbani.
How Does Qurbani Work?
Qurbani is simply the equal sharing of a sacrificed animal, with shares being split three ways between the home, friends and family, and those in need. Muslims can make a Qurbani donation through ILM and our team will carry out the sacrifice and distribute shares to those most deserving on your behalf.
How to Distribute Qurbani Meat?
Meat from Qurbani may be distributed to both the poor and rich, as well as those outside the Islamic community, as long as shares are given out evenly. Charities like ILM can distribute Qurbani meat so that those who are most in need receive cuts of meat and benefit from its nutritional value – for many, this may be the only meat they eat from one Qurbani to the next.
How Many Qurbani per Family Should be Given?
At least one share should be given per person, so that means that a family of six should be giving at least six shares of Qurbani between them. Parents should make a Qurbani donation on behalf of any children they have who do not qualify.
Is Qurbani Fard?
Qurbani is fard (mandatory) for every able-bodied Muslim above the age of puberty who would qualify to give Zakat.
Can I Give Qurbani for my Father/Mother?
Yes. It is permissible for Muslims to make a Qurbani donation on behalf of their parents. It is common for Muslims to give Qurbani on behalf of deceased parents. Even the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) offered the sacrifice on behalf of his family, including those who had already passed on.
How to Pay Qurbani?
Muslims can make a Qurbani payment through ILM, where you can choose how many shares you wish to give.
How to Slaughter a Qurbani Animal?
There are specific rules that must be followed during the sacrifice. Animals should meet a specified minimum requirement based on age and health. Sheep and goats must be no younger than one-year-old; cows, bulls and buffalos no younger than two years old, and camels must be at least five years of age.
All animals must be healthy before the slaughter, otherwise, the sacrifice will not count as Qurbani. To qualify as Qurbani, the animal must:
- Not be blind, lost an eye or a third or more of its vision
- Not be missing a third or more of its ear and/or tail
- Not have horns broken off by the root
- Not have a lame leg so that the animal cannot walk on it
- Not be too thin or lean
- Not be missing over half of its teeth
- Be able to walk itself to the slaughter
It is also preferable that male animals are castrated before the slaughter, but this is not compulsory and will not affect the Qurbani. Additionally, there is no preference between male and female animals and this will have no bearing on the Qurbani or its shares.
As well as the age and health of the animal, the way in which the slaughter is conducted can affect whether a sacrifice qualifies as Qurbani or not. As part of the sacrifice, no animal should see another being slaughtered, a sharp knife should be used so that the animal does not suffer, and the knife should not be sharpened in front of the animal that is to be slaughtered.
How Many Shares in Each Animal?
Different animals have different values. Small animals such as goats and sheep contain a single share each and must be purchased in their entirety to qualify as Qurbani. However, there are many shares in large animals like camels, cows, bulls, and buffalos, all of which equate to seven shares each. This is why families choose to pay for a large animal as their Qurbani, with shares being given on behalf of multiple members of the family.
What is Qurbani in Islam in Urdu?
Qurbani means sacrifice in Islam, hence why Qurbani is the Festival of Sacrifice.
Can We Remove Unwanted Hair Before Qurbani?
Muslims should not remove unwanted hair or cut their nails during the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah; any unwanted hair should be removed before the start of Dhul Hijjah.
You can donate your Qurbani through ILM today by heading to our donations page here.