If you are unable to fast during Ramadan for a valid reason, you are liable to pay Fidya.
Fidya is one of two payments that may be paid by a person who is unable to fast during Ramadan. There are strict rules surrounding who can pay Fidya for not fasting. If you’re unsure what Fidya is and if you’re liable to pay it, keep reading.
If you are unable to fast during Ramadan for a valid reason, you are liable to pay Fidya. Fidya can be paid either as a monetary donation or it can be made up in the form of fasting later in the year. It is expected that Muslims pay their Fidya by making up the missed days of fasting, but if a person is not expected to be able to make up their fast during the year, they may make a monetary Fidya donation.
A select group of people can pay Fidya. They are as follows:
The above groups may pay Fidya as they are exempt from fasting as per the Qur’an. If you miss a fast during Ramadan and you do not fit into one of the above categories, you must instead pay Kaffarah.
If you intentionally miss or break your fast during Ramadan without a valid reason, you must pay Kaffarah. The rate of Kaffarah is based on the rate of feeding 60 hungry people. For 2022, a Muslim who intentionally breaks a fast without good reason would have to pay £240. As with fidya, it is preferred that you pay your Kaffarah by fasting. If you break your fast whilst paying Kaffarah, you must start your 60 days again.
There is only one Kaffarah per Ramadan.
The payable for Fidya in 2022 in the UK is £4 per fast missed. Therefore, if you are unable to fast throughout the entire month of Ramadan in 2022, you must pay £120. Alternatively, you may make up each day of fasting you miss later in the year.
You can pay your Fidya at any time, but we will spend the funds on feeding a fasting person during the month of Ramadan. If you have Fidya or Kaffarah payments outstanding from previous years, these can also be paid.