If you are unable to fast during Ramadhan for a valid reason, you are liable to pay Fidya.
Fidya is one of two payments that may be paid by a person who is unable to fast during Ramadhan. There are strict rules surrounding who can pay Fidya for not fasting. If you’re unsure what Fidya is and if you’re liable to pay it, keep reading.
If you are unable to fast during Ramadhan for a valid reason, you are liable to pay Fidya. Fidya can be paid either as a monetary donation or it can be made up in the form of fasting later in the year. It is expected that Muslims pay their Fidya by making up the missed days of fasting, but if a person is not expected to be able to make up their fast during the year, they may make a monetary Fidya donation.
A select group of people can pay Fidya. They are as follows:
The above groups may pay Fidya as they are exempt from fasting as per the Qur’an. If you miss a fast during Ramadhan and you do not fit into one of the above categories, you must instead pay Kaffarah.
If you intentionally miss or break your fast during Ramadhan and your reason is not a valid one, you must pay Kaffarah. The rate of Kaffarah is based on the rate of Fidya, multiplied by 60 so as to feed 60 hungry people. That means, if the rate of Fidya was £4, a Muslim intentionally breaking fast without good reason would have to pay £240 for each day. As with fidya, it is preferred that you pay your Kaffarah by fasting. If you break your fast whilst paying Kaffarah, you must start your 60 days again.
The payable amount of Fidya 2021 in the UK is yet to be confirmed. It is usually less than £5. An example would be if Fidya was set at £4 per day of fasting that is missed and you are unable to fast throughout the entirety of Ramadhan 2021, you must pay £120. Alternatively, you may make up each day of fasting you miss later in the year.
When you make a Fidya payment to ILM, we will use it to feed a person in need. Each donation will feed one person for one day, meaning a full Fidya donation will be used to feed 30 people for 30 days.
You should pay your Fidya during Ramadhan. If you are liable to pay Kaffarah, you must also pay this during Ramadhan. The dates for Ramadhan 2021 are expected to fall between Monday 12th April and Wednesday 12th May (subject to the sighting of the moon). With this in mind, if you are going to make a monetary Fidya payment, you must do so during these dates. If you are going to make up your Fidya by fasting, you can do so at any point in the year (with the exception of Eid as it is forbidden to fast during this time).
Zakat al-Fitr donations must be paid during Ramadhan, prior to the commencement of the Eid prayers. Many Muslims choose to pay their Fitrana during the last 10 nights of Ramadhan because it is thought the rewards for donating at this time of year are equal to the rewards of a thousand months of good deeds.
Fitrana is a time-sensitive donation and must be paid during the holy month of Ramadhan. If you miss a payment, it cannot be made up at a later date.